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Course project for the architecture of a 9-storey residential building

  • Added: 01.04.2016
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Description

COURSEWORK PROJECT "NINE-STOREY LARGE PANEL RESIDENTIAL BUILDING" Contains: - Explanatory note to the project with thermal design; - standard floor plan, section, wall section, entrance fragment; - building facade, plot plan Explanatory note in Word, compass drawings 13

Project's Content

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icon Архитектура-курсовой проект.doc
icon Лист 1.cdw
icon Лист 2.cdw

Additional information

Contents

Source Data:

Master Plan

Technical and economic indicators

Space Planning Solution

Architectural and structural solution of the building

Structural framework of the building:

Bases

Vertical Structural Structures

Horizontal Structural Structures

Overlappings

Floors

Roof

Windows

Doors

Stairs, elevators

Engineering equipment

Heating system

Ventilation system

Power supply networks and low-current devices

Decoration of buildings

Exterior decoration

Interior decoration of the building

Heat Engineering Calculation

List of used literature

Source Data:

Theme of the project: "Nine-story large-panel single-section residential building thirty-six apartments"

Building designed for construction in the city. Nizhny Novgorod according to SniP 2.01.0182. "Construction climatology and geophysics." Construction is provided in the territory with normal conditions :

soil - strong, sandy

relief - calm

Depth of groundwater 2.5m

Design winter outside air temperature tn = -30 °

Average temperature of coldest days tn = -33 °

Master Plan

On the master plan the following constructions are shown: the designed building, the existing houses, the economic platform, the playground, the sports ground, the automobile platform. Also on the general plan there are through roads with a width of 3.5m, and a street road with a width of 6.0m.

For the general plan, the direction of the north is indicated.

Technical and economic indicators

Plot area 25837.9 m2

Building area 7887.2 m2

Landscaping area 17950.7 m2

Building factor 0.31

Greening factor 0.69

Architectural and structural section

Horizontal structural structures.

Overlaps.

A floor is an internal horizontal building enclosure that divides it in height into floors.

Their purpose is to perceive and transfer to the walls constant and temporary loads from people, furniture; partitions, etc. Floors are divided by views: located above the basement floors, called basement floors; located above the technical underground - basement; separating the upper floor from the attic - attic; located between complex floors - interstage. The most massive are interstage floors.

The floor slabs with a thickness of 160mm of the slab type are assumed to be hollow, i.e. the slabs are laid in slabs dense to each other. They serve as both structural and enclosing elements

Floors.

Floors are laid on interstage floors.

We accept parquet floor covering with the use of load-bearing floor elements transmitting the load on the floor elements or on the soil base through separate supports located at a certain distance from each other.

In residential buildings, floors are taken from materials that have a small indicator of heat absorption (warm floors). The floor structure consists of layers: coatings, interlayer, bracing, base, waterproofing, heat and sound insulation, underlying layer depending on the floor structure.

We take parquet floors and ceramic floors (in bathrooms).

Roof.

Roof-main purpose of roof-protection against atmospheric moisture.

Ceramic concrete slabs with a thickness of 500mm with roofs made of rolled materials with roofing panels and waterproofing with mastic compositions .

Mineral wool plates laid along solid base of plate are used as insulation agent.

Roof slope 0.001. Roofing panels, gutters. Designed from heavy concrete M400 with series-stressed reinforcement.

Functional-structural device.

Windows.

Wooden design of windows with dimensions of 1.2X1.5m is adopted; 2.1kh1.5m; 2.4kh1.5m; 1.5X1.5m with a glass thickness of 4mm.

The structure of translucent barriers shall have strength and rigidity, tightness of conjugated elements.

Window sizes are assigned in accordance with the normative requirements of natural illumination of the architectural composition, saving one-time and operating costs.

The windows of living rooms and kitchens shall be at least 1/5 of the floor area.

State standards include wooden structures of windows and balcony doors with triple glazing.

It is common to use windows that ensure the simplicity and safety of changing and cleaning windows.

The design of the balcony door has the same solution with windows for spans, a box and a translucent part .

Doors.

Entrance doors designed wooden.

The door to the building is double with different width canvases, 900 wide inside the apartment, in the toilet bathroom, a door with a width of 600mm; onto balcony 900mm, entrance doors from 1800mm street .

The door structure consists of a rectangular closed wooden box and a door canvas hung on it.

Height of all doorways 2.1m

Stairs, elevators.

Stairs are designed for communications between rooms located at different levels, as well as for emergency evacuation of people and property from the building.

Stairs are load-bearing structures consisting of alternating inclined stepped-stair platforms.

For the safety of movement, stairs-stairs are equipped with vertical barriers. In this case, prefabricated C/B elements-marches and sites.

The building provides a periodic elevator with a lifting capacity of 320kg (5 people) with a counterweight.

Elevators are cabins suspended on steel cables and moved inside shafts in vertical direction

Elevator shafts are made of volumetric block shafts, with a height of one floor.

Engineering equipment.

Heating system.

The heating system in residential buildings is designed - central, water. It is most advisable to place panel heating devices in the window sill of the outer walls.

Ventilation system.

From the rooms: kitchen, restroom, bathroom provided exhaust ventilation through ventilation ducts with natural impulse. Exhaust ventilation of rooms in all apartments is provided through the exhaust channels of kitchens, latrines and bathrooms.

Hot and cold water supply system. Sewerage.

They are placed in residential zones concentrated in the zone of sanitary and kitchen blocks of apartments.

The water supply is hot and cold about the city network.

The sanitary-technical cabin is a volumetric-spatial structural element. It houses all sanitary and technical devices, hot and cold water supplies, sewage branches. Sewerage faecal to the city network.

Power supply networks and low-current devices.

They are distinguished in special electric panels that are located in staircases.

Electric panels are made of heavy concrete, dense ceramic concrete or silicate concrete.

Walls formed from electric panels are designed with load-bearing, sum-bearing or non-bearing.

Regardless of the static function of the wall, the thickness of the electric panels is 200munified.

Drawings content

icon Лист 1.cdw

Лист 1.cdw

icon Лист 2.cdw

Лист 2.cdw
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