Administrative and production building - industrial building
- Added: 06.10.2021
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This course project "Design of industrial buildings" is performed in accordance with the assignment for design in the discipline "Architecture of civil and industrial buildings." The project develops architectural, structural solutions of the industrial building taking into account the setting of dimensions, materials, target orientation, construction area and basic regulatory requirements.
1. Source Data
2. Process Brief
3. Volumetric planning solution
4. Constructive solution
5. Engineering equipment
6. Calculation of domestic premises
7. Heat Engineering Calculation
8. Lighting Engineering Calculation
9. Master Plan
List of used literature
2. Brief description of the process
Description of the process is given in the Methodological Instructions:
"The tool shop is part of a large machine-building plant and is engaged in the production of new tools, as well as the restoration of worn out used at the plant. Metal for the workshop is delivered by rail-free transport to the procurement compartment, in which it is prepared for various tools.
According to the purpose and nature of the subsequent technological process, the workpiece is supplied from the preform compartment to the tool compartment, the accessory compartment and the metal mold die compartment. the main one is the tool compartment, in which the cutting measuring and auxiliary tools are manufactured, as well as their repair and restoration.
In the compartment of devices, all kinds of devices necessary in other workshops are manufactured when processing or manufacturing various parts or parts of machines.
The metal coating department serves mainly the needs of the tool compartment and the device compartment, chrome-plating and nickel-plating of some parts of the tool produced by the workshop.
In the die and metal mold department, dies for press and stamping shops and metal molds (blocks) for the foundry are made. More rough work is done in this section than in the other sections, so it is removed from them, but there is a direct connection with the procurement section from which it receives material and blanks for its work.
Finished products from the tool shop, as it is manufactured by rail-free transport, shall be taken to the respective shops of the plant. "
Space Planning Solution
The designed one-story industrial building is a blocking of workshops with a height difference of 2.4m. The building is solid.
The building consists of three parallel spans in axes 820 with a width of 36 m each, height 12.0 m, length 72 m, with pitch of external columns 6 m, with a pitch of internal columns of 6 m, with a bridge crane, lifting capacity of 10 tons, and two perpendicular spans in axes AB, B-V, VG, 18 m wide, 9.6 m high, 72 m long, with a pitch of external columns of 6 m, with a bridge crane, with a lifting capacity of 10 tons .
Insert 500 mm between perpendicular spans.
In the transverse direction, the stability of the building is ensured by the rigidity of the columns embedded in the foundation and by a rigid coating disk, in the longitudinal direction - additionally by steel bonds. Link rods are constructed from paired hot-rolled profiles welded by straps and subassemblies. Connections are bolted to embedded elements in reinforced concrete articles with subsequent welding.
The following structures of the industrial building of the tool shop were adopted.
Prefabricated reinforced concrete foundations with cup-type sub-columns are provided for the main columns. The top of the foundation is located at elevation -0.150 m, which makes it possible to install the frame elements after the end of the zero cycle work. Foundation bottom elevation is accepted structurally 1.8m.
Foundation for columns in places of temperature and deformation joints is provided as monolithic and serves to support two columns .
The minimum thickness of the cup wall at the top of 150mm ensures its strength under mounting and constant loads. Pouring of cups after installation of columns is performed with concrete of grade 200 on fine gravel.
Clearance between the faces of the columns and the walls of the sleeve along the top 75 mm and along the bottom 50 mm.
Monolithic columnar foundations are adopted for the framing columns, columns in the deformation joint and insert. Tape foundations are adopted for brick walls (gates).
A pavement with a width of 1 m is provided along the perimeter of the building.
To support wall panels, the building structure provides for foundation reinforced concrete beams laid on foundations through supporting reinforced concrete columns. The top is at -0.03 m. Waterproofing of two layers of ruberoid on the mastic is arranged at this level.
Load-bearing columns - rectangular reinforced concrete for buildings with bridge cranes up to 32t according to the series 1.424.1.5v.1/87. For a span with a height of 9.6m, columns for extreme and middle rows with a section of 400x700m are adopted. For a span with a height of 12.0m, columns for extreme rows with a section of 400x800, middle rows with a section of 400x800m are adopted.
Since the building is made in a prefabricated reinforced concrete frame, equipped with bridge cranes with a lifting capacity of up to 20 tons, with a pitch of extreme columns of 6 m and a height of not more than 14.4 m, the binding of the columns is taken as zero .
Columns are rigidly embedded in foundations. In order to attach wall panels to angular and extreme middle rows, supporting columns are welded with fuselage posts formed by connection of beams of I-beam, I-beam or channel profile.
A transverse deformation seam is provided in the building. It protects against the formation of cracks of structural elements caused by fluctuations in the temperature of external and internal air.
Transverse seam is made on two columns and one axis. The axes of the columns have a reference to the layout axis of 500 mm.
The building adopted reinforced concrete crane beams with a span of 6 m.
Crane beams with a span of 6 m have a T-shape of cross section and are designed for lifting capacity of 10 and 20 tons. Beams are attached to the column console using anchor bolts, which are passed through the support sheet, first welded to the lower embedded plate, and to the column neck - by welding a vertical sheet to embedded plates. Rail is secured along crane beams.
Quite effective bearing structures of coatings are steel rafter trusses. Rafter trusses are used for spans of 36 m or more at a step of 6, 12 m. The belts and grid of trusses are designed from corners or pipes and connected by welding with the help of chamfers made of sheet steel. Sections of belts, struts and braces flanges are taken by calculation.
Since prefabricated reinforced concrete structures are not provided to cover the span 36m, we accept steel rafter trusses from hot-rolled profiles with a span 36m for a small evasive roof (1.5%) with a pitch of 6 m according to the series 1.460.210/88 .
To cover the span of 18 m in axes 1-7, we accept prefabricated reinforced concrete raceless trusses for a slightly evasive roof, with a span of 18 m, with a pitch of 6 m.
For stability of trusses there are connections on lower belts of trusses and spacers on upper ones. Rafter trusses are attached to columns by anchor bolts and welding of support sheets.
Coverage is used without runs. Reinforced concrete ribbed panels with a height of 300 mm are supported directly on the bearing structures of the coating. 6m coating slabs with a width of 3 m are used. When installing the slab, they are welded to the rafter structure at least in three corners. The seams between the slabs are filled with concrete.
In the metal coating compartment according to the technological process, electrolyte evaporation from the bath is present, therefore, light-aeration lights with a width of 12 m and a total length of 48 m are provided in the span, designed for lighting and natural ventilation of rooms. U-shaped flashlights with vertical glazing are located on longitudinal axes of spans.
In the procurement and stamping compartments, light-aeration lamps with a width of 6 m and a length of 60 m are also provided for structural reasons (there is practically no side lighting)
Opening of canopy doors is mechanized (with actuation of opening mechanisms from rooms) and duplicated by manual control.
Roof structure is adopted as follows:
gravel embedded in bitumen mastic;
"Technoelast" roll material layer;
insulation Foam polysterol 120;
coating vapour insulation
For external walls, 6m wall panels with a height of 1.2 and 1.8 m are used. The panels in the building are single-layer cellular concrete .
The lower panel of the first tier rests on the foundation beam through a layer of cement sand mortar, which acts as waterproofing.
Panel wall seams are filled with 6080 mm wide synthetic elastic gaskets and sealing mastic. Synthetic materials and sealing mastic compensate for possible change of thickness of inter-tiered joints.
Partitions are made of ordinary M150 clay brick, M50 solution grade. Internal load-bearing wall with thickness of 380mm with height attachment by welding of mounting parts to the column embedded parts.
Gates, windows, doors.
In the outer walls for the passage of road transport there are gates measuring 4.0x4.2m. Frame and lining of webs is made of bent profiles, and webs are made of shaped sheets with insulation. The gate is equipped with a mechanical drive for manual opening.
A reinforced ramp 2.0 m wide, 150 mm high is provided for entry.
The entrance doors of the production buildings are designed with wooden, lined with iron. The internal doors also have a wooden structure. Doors are provided with a size of 900x2100mm.
Glazing in the workshop - tape. The window panels are metal with double glazing and a sealed narthex. Opening bindings are provided in the area of the workers, as well as blind ones located on the surface of the opening ones.
The main floor in the workshop is an asphalt concrete floor with a thickness of 30 mm along a concrete underlying layer with a thickness of 120 mm (concrete of steel B25), ground foundation, stranded into soil .
In the places of deformation and temperature joints in the floor structure there are compensators made of galvanized roofing steel sheet, anchors made of strip steel, border joints made of corner steel.
Internal drainage, farm. - drinking water.
Sewerage is a farm. - fecal.
Heating is central, water.
Ventilation is natural, plenum.
When designing the master plan of the tool shop, the blocking of workshops with the principle of zoning was used. Zoning involves, as far as possible, rational grouping within the scope of the production building of the premises of sections and zones in accordance with certain features (technological, levels of industrial hazards, fire and explosion hazard, orientation of transport and human flows). The blocked buildings allow a multivariable arrangement of technological equipment, allow reducing the area of the factory territory by 30-40%, reducing the perimeter of the external walls to 50%, reducing the cost of construction by 10-15%, reducing the length of communications and transport routes, reducing the cost of operating buildings and landscaping.
The area of the enterprise (AP) includes the entire territory of the enterprise in the fence or in the absence of a fence within its corresponding conditional boundaries, as well as a plot occupied by a fan
The building area (AZ) is defined as the sum of the areas occupied by buildings and structures. EP = 11826.5 + 817 + 300 = 12943, 5m2 = 12.9 ha
Building density (K) is defined as percentage ratio of building area to enterprise area K = (EP/AP) x100
The density of development is one of the main indicators, to a certain extent reflecting the cost-effectiveness of the decisions made by the designed master plan.
The density of development is one of the main indicators, to a certain extent reflecting the cost-effectiveness of the decisions made by the designed master plan. This indicator is regulated by the current design standards. Appendix B of SP 18.13330.2011 "General Plans of Industrial Enterprises" contains indicators of minimum density of development established for enterprises of various industries, for the tool shop 60% is established, therefore, the area of the enterprise
AP = 12.9 ha * 100 %/60 = 21.5 ha
Road width at:
- one-way motion: Hp = Vm + 1.8 m, where Vm is the width of the machine, m
Hp = 3,000 + 1.8 = 4.8 m;
- double-sided motion: Hp = 2 ∙ Vm + 2.7 m
Hp = 2 ∙ 3.000 + 2.7 = 8.7 m.
The width of the footpaths is 1.5 m.
Improvement of the territory: enterprises create favorable conditions for work and rest of workers. The site has all types of green spaces (lawns, shrubs and high-trunk trees). Percentage of landscaping: 15% of the built-up area. On the most windward side, tree planting is provided.
Technical and economic indicators of the master plan.
We calculate these coefficients:
The area is 21.5 hectares.
The building area is equal (the sum of the areas occupied by buildings and all
types of structures, including opening of car parking and reserve areas on site) 12.9 ha.
The area of landscaping is 3.22ha
Asphalt surface area is 1.64ha
Building density 60%
Greening ratio is 15%
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