• RU
  • icon Waiting For Moderation: 14

6-storey office building in Karaganda - diploma

  • Added: 01.07.2014
  • Size: 2 MB
  • Downloads: 7
Find out how to download this material


Diploma project - construction of a six-story residential building

Project's Content

icon +Разрезы+1.dwg
icon Desktop.ini
icon вся дипломка+.doc
icon генплан+1.dwg
icon кал.план+1.dwg
icon планы1.dwg
icon содержание.doc
icon Стройгенплан+1.dwg
icon ТК 5+1.dwg
icon ТК6+1.dwg
icon фасады+1.dwg

Additional information



1 Architectural and construction part

1.1 General instructions

1.1.1 Characteristics of the building

1.1.2 Structural solution

1.1.3 Zero cycle foundations and walls

1.1.4 Corrosion protection

1.1.5 Monitoring of structures

1.2 General Part

1.2.1 Technical characteristics

1.2.2 Site Layout

1.2.3 Exterior decoration of the building

1.2.4 Interior Finishes

1.3 Design solutions and technical instructions for the project

1.3.1 Zero cycle

1.3.2 Above Ground Part

1.3.3 Protection of the structure against corrosion, rotting and fire

1.3.4 Safety precautions during works performance

1.4 Guidelines for linking the project to local conditions

1.5 Winterization Instructions

1.6 Heating and ventilation

1.7 Water supply and sewerage

2 Design and structural part

2.1 Calculation of columns

2.2 Calculation of beams

2.3 Section resistance

2.4 Foundation calculation

3 Process Part

3.1 Selection of method of works execution

3.2 Job Instruction for Zero Cycle Works

3.3 Job Instruction for Performance of Above Ground Part Operations

3.4 Quality Control

3.5 Safety precautions during installation works

4 Construction organization

4.1 Development of the schedule

4.2 Construction plan

4.2.1 Calculation of requirements for temporary buildings and structures

4.2.2 Power supply

4.2.3 Water supply

5 Construction Economics

5.1 Technical and economic indicators

6 Ecology

6.1 Ecology and Foundation Engineering

6.1.1 Environmentally sound technologies in the construction of bases and foundations

6.1.2 Environmental aspects of chemical and physicochemical soil fixation

6.2 Environmental law in construction

6.2.1 Sources of environmental law General provisions Environmental requirements for construction activities

6.2.2 State environmental control in construction Main types of environmental control Environmental standardization and certification Environmental support of construction

6.3 Environmental risks in construction and their insurance

7 Occupational safety

7.1 Production sanitation

7.1.1 Sanitary and hygienic features of construction production

7.1.2 Sanitary requirements

7.1.3 Sanitary requirements for the selection and organization of the construction site

7.2 Safety precautions

7.2.1 Features of installation works

7.2.2 Ensuring safe lifting of workers to altitude

7.2.3 Organization of safe working conditions when working at altitude

7.3 Fire Prevention

7.3.1 Determination of required fire resistance limits

7.3.2 Fire barriers

7.3.3 Ensuring fire safety at the enterprise

7.3.4 Forced evacuation of people from buildings

7.3.5 Calculation of people movement parameters during evacuation

Architectural and construction part

1.1 General instructions

The project was developed for construction in 1In the climatic subdivision with an estimated outside air temperature of the coldest five-day period of 32 degrees. Standard snow load - 100 kg/m2. Wind speed standard head - 38 kgf/m2.

1.1.1 Characteristics of the building

Level of responsibility - II.

The degree of durability is II.

Degree of fire resistance - II.

The level of clean floor of the 1st floor + 0.00 is taken as a conditional elevation.

In the building of the annex of the 6storey office in Karaganda along Lenin Street 19A, the following types of engineering equipment are provided:

- central heating;

- hot water supply;

- water supply;

- sewerage;

- electric lighting;

- Telephony;

- radio identification.

The foundations are based on: loams with design characteristics C = 17kPa.

Underground entrances are opened at a depth of 9.1/11m from the Earth's surface (absolute elevation 538.21 - 538.38m). The maximum level of groundwater at elevation 539.210m.

Reinforced concrete products below elevation 0.000 shall be made of concrete W - 4 on slag portland cement.

Zero cycle foundations and walls

1. Fill the sinuses only with melted soil after installation of its anchoring and masonry of the first floor walls.

2. Open horizontal surfaces of brickwork blocks shall be closed during interruptions of installation works.

3. Clean wall blocks from snow ice before installation.

4. Installation and leveling of mortar in the mounting seams shall be performed not more than five minutes before installation of the units in place. Use of frozen solution as well as water-warmed solution is prohibited. The design recommends the use of solutions of at least 100-75 grade with chemical additives.

5. The wall masonry solution is prepared on Portland cement with the addition of potash.

6. Monolithic concrete of the walls, laid in place, is prepared with the addition of potash.

7. Solutions and concretes with potash addition gain strength at negative temperatures up to minus 30 ° C.

8. Masonry of walls with chemical additives to solutions and concrete should be performed in accordance with CH290-74 "Instructions for the preparation and use of building solutions," "Recommendations for the use in the construction of solutions and concrete with potash additives, in winter conditions without heating," developed by TsNIISMTC Gosstroy.

9. Grade of solution for filling horizontal seams during installation of walls from blocks in winter conditions.

1.1.4 Corrosion protection

Corrosion protection of steel joints, anchors and welded joints shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of SNiP 2.03.11 - 85.

Apply PF - 115 GOST 6405 - 76 enamel to metal articles in addition to beams and skewers in two layers of GF primer - 021 GOST 25129 - 82.

All wooden structures shall be carefully antiseptic and treated with flame retardants in order to protect against rot and ensure the necessary fire resistance.

1.1.5 Monitoring of structures condition, and measures for preparation for spring thawing of solution

To ensure the required load capacity of the structures of the building, both during its erection and during operation, systematic control of the quality of materials and work must be carried out.

Brick strength control shall be carried out independently of these factory passports. Samples of each new batch of bricks entering the construction site shall be tested in accordance with GOST requirements. Passport data and test results should be recorded in a special log.

Installation of rebar grids in masonry, anchors, connections between floor panels shall be activated.

1.2 General Part

The project was developed in accordance with the current regulatory documents taking into account the chapter of SniP 2- L. 1- 95. "Residential buildings. Design Standards. "

When developing the project, the experience of building design, as well as previously developed series, was taken into account.

1.2.1 Technical characteristics

Building of the 6storey office in Karaganda on the street. Lenin, 19A, second class in durability and second degree of fire resistance.

The project is designed for construction in 2 and 3 climatic areas:

- with the estimated winter temperature of the outside air - 35 degrees;

- with snow cover weight - 170 kgf/m;

- with wind speed pressure - 45 kgf/m;

- with seismicity not more than 6 points;

- with soils within the construction site homogeneous, dry, unpowered and non-sedimentary.

1.2.2 Site Layout

The site for construction is allocated in accordance with the general plan of the settlement, taking into account composite, sanitary and fire protection requirements. The territory of the site is landscaped and landscaped.

1.2.3 Exterior decoration of the building

The outer surfaces of the light concrete blocks are plastered. The visor and entrance elements are covered with cement mortar with a large spray. Basement - plaster with a large spray (the main solution) or facing with ceramic tiles. Metal elements are painted with water-polymer paints, according to the certificate compiled during the project binding.

Metal elements are painted with enamel paints.

Paint the window blocks with enamel paint twice. Paint window bindings in two colors: all elements are gray, pressure specks are white-white. Entrance doors shall have a wood texture allowing for a transparent lacquer finish.

Design solutions and technical instructions for the project

"6-storey office in Karaganda on the street. Lenin, 19A" designed with longitudinal and transverse bearing walls with spans e = and e =. The spatial rigidity of the building is ensured by the joint operation of walls and floors, considered as hard, unchanged disks.

Hardness of floor walls is provided by welding of embedded parts of prefabricated elements, arrangement of concrete key joints. Walls and floors are connected by means of anchor links.

1.3.1 Zero cycle

"6-storey office in Karaganda on the street. Lenin, 19A" designed without a technical underground - the main solution.

A. Bases.

The foundation drawings given in the design are an example of a solution developed for a base of homogeneous soil with the following characteristics, when groundwater lies below the base of the foundations and for a section with horizontal relief.

The foundations are designed as intermittent tape from prefabricated reinforced concrete slabs and concrete blocks.

When determining the width of the foundations, the permissible increase in the design pressure on the base by 1.2 times is taken into account, if the calculated de-formations of the base do not exceed 40% of the maximum permissible values (SniP 2.02.01 83 item 2.47).

When linking foundation drawings to local conditions, it is necessary to check by calculation of base deformation and foundation width according to the data of engineering and geological surveys.

The elevation of the foundations at the sewer discharge points is accepted in the project conditionally at the same level as the foundation floor for the external walls and is corrected during the project binding.

When performing works, comply with the requirements of SniP 3.02.0193.

B. Overlap over the sub-floor.

The floor is made of prefabricated reinforced concrete panels with round voids.

For the installation of insulated floors above the technical floor along the top, floor slabs along the perimeter of the walls, an additional seam of cement - sand mortar or concrete is provided.

B. Partitions.

Partitions are accepted from ordinary clay bricks of the "75" brand on a solution of the "25" brand with a thickness of 120 mm and 65mm (reinforced).

1.3.2 Above Ground Part

A. Walls.

Blocks of external and internal walls are adopted in accordance with the nomenclature of the "catalog of prefabricated concrete blocks" series 1.1132 and 1.1342 for the construction of residential and public buildings in rural areas.

The outer walls are made of large concrete blocks. Blocks are made of light concrete and ordinary brick.

Internal walls of ordinary clay full-white brick.

Install blocks of external and internal walls on plastic cement sand mortar of "50" grade.

Perform masonry of ventilation roots from brick of "75" brand on solution of "25" brand.

B. Overlaps.

Floors are accepted from prefabricated reinforced concrete panels with round voids.

When linking the project to the work and supervising the construction, special attention must be paid to the careful completion of the "100" grade cement mortar seams between the panels and the careful execution of monolithic sections. When selecting panels according to carrying capacity, their joint work among themselves on the load from partitions is taken into account.

Insulation of YRKA type is used as insulation of attic floor.

V. Stairs.

Stairs from prefabricated reinforced concrete platforms and marches with a clean concrete surface.

G. Partitions.

Partitions are adopted as follows:

- according to the element assembly on the wooden frame with the skin of dry gypsum plaster sheets: inter-room ones with a thickness of 78mm, inter-apartment ones - 150mm;

- brick "on a rib" with a thickness of 65mm, in bathrooms, made of brick of brand "75" on a solution of brand "25" with reinforcement.

Partitions are fixed to walls and floors by means of anchors. To ensure the required sound insulation, special attention should be paid to careful sealing of the seams and gaps in the partitions.

D. Coating.

Office coverage is accepted as rolling. The roof is metal tile. Waterproofing, grating, rafters, posts, roof frame, YRKA insulation 200 mm thick, PVC steam insulation (celofan). Cement - sand bracing, leveling layer with a thickness of 3040mm.

Drawings content

icon +Разрезы+1.dwg


icon генплан+1.dwg


icon кал.план+1.dwg


icon планы1.dwg


icon Стройгенплан+1.dwg


icon ТК 5+1.dwg

ТК 5+1.dwg

icon ТК6+1.dwg


icon фасады+1.dwg

up Up