Apartment building with attic floor
- Added: 13.07.2012
- Size: 1 MB
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2. Architectural and construction section
2.1 General characteristics of the building
2.2 Space Planning Solution
2.2.1 Volume and planning parameters
2.3 Technical and economic indicators
3. Development Master Plan Solution
4. Heat Engineering Calculation
4.1 Climatic data
4.2 General provisions
4.3 Outer Wall Calculation
5. Design Section
5.1.1 Foundation laying calculation
5.3 Internal walls and partitions
5.5 Roof, roof
5.7 Windows, Doors
5.8.1 Floor Explication
6. Utilities and Equipment
7. List of literature
The main purpose of architecture is to create a favorable and safe living environment for a person, the nature and comfort of which was determined by the level of development of society, its culture, and the achievements of science and technology. This life environment is embodied in buildings that have internal space, complexes of buildings and structures that organize external space: streets, squares and cities.
In the modern sense, architecture is the art of designing and building buildings, structures and their complexes. It organizes all life processes. At the same time, the creation of a production architecture requires a significant amount of public labor and time. Therefore, the requirements for architecture, along with functional expediency, convenience and beauty, include requirements for technical expediency and economy. In addition to the rational layout of the premises, according to certain functional processes, the convenience of all buildings is ensured by the correct distribution of stairs, the placement of equipment and engineering devices (sanitary appliances, heating, ventilation). Thus, the shape of the building is largely determined by the functional pattern, but at the same time it is built according to the laws of beauty.
Cost reduction in construction is carried out by rational space-planning solutions of buildings, correct selection of construction and finishing materials, design facilitation, improvement of construction methods. The main economic reserve in urban planning is to increase the efficiency of land use.
Technical and economic indicators
Economic indicators of residential buildings are determined by their volumetric and structural solutions, the nature and organization of sanitary equipment. An important role is played by the ratio of living and utility areas designed in the apartment, the height of the room, the location of sanitary units and kitchen equipment. Residential projects have the following indicators:
construction volume - 12205.13 (m3)
building area - 697.49 (m2);
total area - 1886.41 (m2);
residential area - 1343.4 (m2).
Development Master Plan Solution
Architectural and planning solutions of the master plan are developed in accordance with the purpose of the designed building, compliance with sanitary and fire safety standards .
The plot plan is completed on a scale of 1:500.
To ensure the necessary sanitary and hygienic conditions, a set of measures for landscaping and landscaping is planned at the site. In areas free from development, the construction of lawns, freely growing shrubs, flower beds, deciduous trees of ordinary planting is provided.
Underground water supply, sewerage, electric cables and heat networks are designed in the channel. Such laying of utility networks ensures the convenience of their maintenance during operation.
Heating and hot water supply is designed from main heating networks, with lower wiring on the basement. Heating devices are convectors. For each section, a separate heat unit is performed to regulate and account for the coolant. Main pipelines and riser pipes located in the basement of the building are insulated and covered with aluminum foil.
Cold water supply is designed from the intra-quarter water supply header with two inlets. Water for each section is supplied via an in-house main line located in the basement of the building, which is insulated and covered with aluminum foil. An input frame is installed on each section and built-in unit. Around the house there is a main fire and drinking water supply with wells in which fire hydrants are installed.
Sewerage is performed with tie-in to wells of external networks of intra-quarter sewerage.
Kitchens and bathrooms are equipped with water supply and sewerage. exhaust natural ventilation.
Kitchens are equipped with a gas stove and a sanitary and technical device - a wash. Bathrooms are equipped with a bath, toilet and sink.
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