Residential building in 2 floors
- Added: 25.06.2012
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In the archive, only general view drawings - elevations, plans, sections.
1 ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION PART OF CIVIL BUILDING
1.1 General characteristics of the designed building
1.2 Space Planning Solution
1.3 Heat Engineering Wall Calculation
1.4 Constructive solution
1.5 Finishing of the building
1.6 Engineering Equipment
2 ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION PART OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDING
2.1 Master Plan
2.2 General characteristics of the designed building
2.3 Space Planning Solution
2.4 Design Solutions
2.5 Finishing of the building
2.6 Engineering Equipment
LIST OF SOURCES USED
Few of us have a new and comfortable home. In terms of the total residential area per capita, our country is not even one of the twenty advanced countries, and for each Russian there is ten times less residential useful area than, for example, a resident of Canada. The bulk of the townspeople live in houses built in 6080, and rural residents - mainly in wooden buildings. Mass housing construction in the cities of Russia at that time led to a decrease in the area and cubature of apartments, and, in addition, to the almost complete crowding out of the construction brick and replacing it with prefabricated reinforced concrete.
However, the time of large-panel "sunduch" architecture is slowly but surely gone. Now there are other architectural solutions. They require new materials, a completely different design of traditional materials, modern finishing technologies and better architectural forms.
Currently, priorities are shifting in favor of low-rise construction. As a result, there is an increase in demand for small-piece wall materials: ceramic bricks, gas and foam concrete blocks and other materials. Currently widespread single-layer wall structures are replaced by modern - multi-layer, insulation based on mineral fibers or foamed polymers. The use of thermal insulation materials, including for external thermal insulation of buildings, has increased sharply.
The most commonly used currently short-lived roofing coatings (cardboard-based ruberoid) have been replaced by polymer coatings of full factory readiness. Various gypsum-based materials are massively used: blocks for the construction of partitions and walls, gypsum board and gypsum fiber sheets.
The range has expanded, and the quality of finishing materials used in domestic construction has increased - all types of ceramic tiles, flooring and walls, as well as ceramic sanitary and sanitary products. Recently, accounting for the consumption of heat, water and other resources has been introduced everywhere, and this requires metering and control devices, as well as economical sanitary, heating and engineering equipment.
Unfortunately, the trends in housing construction in our huge country by definition cannot be of a national nature - in each region they are their own. These trends are based on climatic conditions, national customs and national culture, on the geographical location of the region, its natural wealth, transport links, population density, average family size, living standards of the population, etc. All this places additional requirements on building materials. Certain properties may be preferred for one geographical area, and in another they will adversely affect the living conditions of people.
Two thousand years ago, the ancient Roman architect and theorist Vitruvius deduced a wonderful formula for architecture - this is the triunicity "BENEFITS - STRENGTH - BEAUTY." In modern terms, function - construction - aesthetics.
We would all like to live in houses built on this principle, complementing the classical triad with a fourth characteristic - economy.
General characteristics of the designed building
Designed comfortable house for permanent residence, has two floors, attic and basement. The rich plastic of the facades, the complex silhouette will fit well both in the rather dense development of the suburbs and in the panorama of a large suburban site among the pristine nature.
The appearance of the prestigious house fully meets its internal structure. A large living room - a dining room with an open staircase leading to the gallery of the second floor, becomes the planning core of the house. Comfortable bedrooms of the second floor and attic form a quiet intimate area, well connected with the natural surroundings of the house thanks to panoramic glazing. The garage is attached in the form of a separate volume communicating with the residential area of the house. An open veranda is arranged on its roof.
Engineering equipment of the building includes water supply, sewerage, wiring, gas supply and heating system.
The source of water supply is the existing water supply network, the water supply system is dead end with one input. A water metering unit with a cold water meter ETK - 15 from Zenner - Vodopribor is provided for at the water supply. In front of the water meter, in the direction of water movement, a magneto-mechanical filter FMM - 25 from Zenner - Vodopribor is installed.
The internal cold water supply network is adopted from steel galvanized galvanized light pipes according to GOST 3262-75 *.
Discharge of sewage from sanitary devices is provided for in the existing sewage system.
Internal domestic sewage networks are designed from cast-iron sewage pipes and shaped parts according to GOST 6942.3 - 80 - 6942.24 - 80.
Sewage outlet is made with diameter of 100mm from cast iron pipes as per GOST 9583-75.
Heat supply is centralized.
The coolant for the heating system is water with parameters of 9570° С.
The estimated outdoor temperature for designing the heating system is adopted at 23 ° С, the duration of the heating period is 176 days. The estimated temperature of the internal air in the cold period of the year is accepted 16... 18 ° C.
The heating system pipelines are conditionally separated from the walls.
Ventilation is natural. Air is drawn through grilles of type "P." Inflow unorganized through windows, framugs, doors.
Power supply of the building is carried out from the general power grid. Supply voltage 380220V, design power 20 kW. Lighting of premises is accepted with SNiP 230595. Electrical lighting of the building is performed by filament lamps. Wiring in the designed building is carried out before plastering the internal walls and partitions and is attached by means of special fasteners to the building structures. If necessary, holes for electric wire in walls and floors are drilled.
The building provides for the device of low-current networks: radio, television, telephony.
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