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Construction Environmental Protection Section

  • Added: 29.09.2012
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Additional information


1. Introduction

Justification of construction requirements


1.3. Purpose and necessity of the project implementation

General characteristics of the route of the designed road

Future state of the road (after construction)

2. List of environmental restrictions used in the development of design solutions

2.1. Temporary buildings and structures

3. Assessment of the current state of environmental components in the design area

3.1. Climatic and meteorological conditions

3.2. Brief geological characteristics of the area

3.3. Hydrogeological and hydrological description of the adjacent area to the facility

3.4. Monuments of history, culture and archeology

3.5. Land use and soil conditions

3.6. Characteristics of the plant and animal world

4. Assessment of the environmental impact of the proposed economic activity

4.1. Effect of the object on atmospheric air

4.2. Assessment of the level of pollution of atmospheric air and roadside areas by dust, coating wear products

Conclusions and recommendations

5. Impact on the geological and aquatic environment

5.1. Impact on the geological environment

5.2. Impact on surface water

Conclusions and recommendations

6. Assessment of the level of noise impact of transport

7. Assessment of impact on land resources

Conclusions and recommendations

8. Assessment of effects on the plant and animal world

9. Conclusions and recommendations

Sizing the Sanitary Gap

10. Generation of waste of building materials

. Object impact in emergency situations

11.1. Fire safety

12. Economic damage to environmental management

14. Environmental monitoring in the area of influence of the road (recommendations for introduction)

Organization of control over environmental safety of works

16. Design solutions and measures aimed at mitigating the impacts of the road

Environmental-economic efficiency in road construction



Scattering calculation

List of literature

Purpose and necessity of the project implementation

According to the assignment issued and approved by the General Designer.

Section No. 3 of the construction of the highway connects in the shortest direction. Popovka with the village of Novokashpirsky, and also provide access to freight and passenger flows to adjacent roads.

The main purpose of the development of the environmental protection section is a set of proposals for the rational use of natural resources in construction and technical solutions to prevent the negative impact of the designed object on the natural environment.

This section provides a comprehensive assessment of the overall environmental impact of the affected area (landscape), as well as a forecast of the impact of road construction and operation on various components of the environment.

Temporary buildings and structures

In order to reduce environmental pollution, temporary production and household facilities should be located in single complexes. At the same time, household facilities are located on the windward side.

Industrial and household complexes, as a rule, should be provided with water supply and sewerage with a waste water treatment system.

In the territory temporarily reserved for auxiliary structures, vertical planning with a surface drainage system should be carried out before development. In the locations of the parking lots of road machines and vehicles of capital type, their refueling, stations and maintenance sites, repair bases, etc., measures should be taken to drain and treat surface wastewater.

This project provides a site for temporary storage of building materials and cavaliers for plant soil (1712 m3) for the construction period

For the transport of construction goods, the existing network should be used to the maximum extent, with reinforcement or installation of coatings, artificial structures, as necessary.

The supply of drinking water is provided for imported from the production base of the contracting organization. Water shall comply with the requirements of SanPiN The need for water for household purposes is accepted according to SNiP based on 25 l/day. per person (total for the entire period of work - 8.739 tons of drinking water). Drinking water is delivered by road in special stainless steel tanks

Assessment of the current state of environmental components in the design area

This section presents the results of a component analysis of the modern state of the OPS, carried out on the basis of the results of studies, the processing of literary materials, statistical reporting data and other analytical materials.

Predictive estimates were made on the basis of calculations and multifactorial analysis.

Brief geological characteristics of the area

Repair and construction sites are located on a hollow-hilly surface, dissected by small ravines and lowered places..

The bedrock of the area under consideration is composed mainly of terrigenous-carbonate rocks of the Tatar tier of the Perm system of the boiler and Urzhum series (P2st, P2ur).

The boiler series is represented by an alternation of brown-red clays and small bone-layered sands with sandstone nodules on lime cement. In the roof and sole of the retinue there are layers of light gray limestones and marls. Sediment capacity is 25-30 m.

The Urzhum series is represented by brownish-red clays, in the lower part with pro-layers of sands and sandstones. A pack of gray limestones lies in the roof of the retinue.

The thickness of the sediments is 3845 m. They are exposed along ravines and river lobes-nam within the elevations 100-140 m.

To the south-west of the projected construction site, terrigenous rocks (sandstones, clays, aleurites) of the Vyatka horizon of the upper Perm (P2vt) are exposed in the form of a small spot, and to the north of the site are neogene sands with layers of aleurites, gravel and clays. From above, almost everywhere, the native rocks are blocked by aluvial deposits of Upper Quaternary and modern age (al III -Y). These are grayish-brown loam and loess-shaped clays with the inclusion of carbonate gravel. The capacity of Quaternary sediments is 0.82.9 m. The maximum open capacity is 5 m.

The upper layers of the pre-quadruple layers are composed of the Oxford-Kimeridzh dislocaci-s of the late Jurassic palm (J3oxkm) and the Gotherivian Early Cretaceous (K1g).

In ravines, a beam alluvium (al III -Y) is developed, which is represented by heavy, dusty, light clays loam, with the inclusion of gravel and gravel-pebble from-beds with loamy flowable aggregate (4050%). Open sediment capacity - 1-3 m.

The area is composed of overgrown bottom sands and has a hilly-weary reel-ef, cut through with a mass of large ravines giving sandy leaders to the valley of the river. Volga.

Soils are podzolic, boron sands, sandy and sandy sandy strongly podzolic, loose sandy soils - of nano-alluvial origin.

In hydrogeological terms, the area is characterized by the presence of

main aquifer confined to sands at depth

39-41 m.

From an engineering and geological point of view, the site is generally favorable for the operation of the roadway.

Standard depth of seasonal freezing for clay grounds1.5 m; design -2.0 m.

Hydrogeological and hydrological description of the adjacent area to the facility

Aquifer complexes of Quaternary accumulations, Early Cretaceous (Goteriv century), sediments of the boiler and Urzhum Permian horizons are distinguished.

Quaternary alluvial sediments contain fresh waters of hydrocarbonate calcium-magnesium composition. The aquifer is confined to sandy sediments of floodplain terraces of rivers. The nutrition of these waters is atmospheric.

In deluvial eluvial sediments, lens-like groundwater deposits associated with sandy and sandy soils are found.

The aquifer complex of the boiler horizon is confined to sandy layers. Water of the hydrocarbonate-calcium-magnesium type lies at a depth of > 5 m. The nutrition of the aquifer complex is atmospheric and interplastic (osmicocapular).

In the zone of influence of construction and installation works of the road section, the flat runoff of atmospheric waters is formed due to melted snow and rain waters and has not been fully regulated to date.

The section of the highway in the Syzran urban district of the Samara region does not cross watercourses, as well as drying streams.

Monuments of history, culture and archeology.

Monuments of history, culture and archeology are a national treasure and are under state protection.

In the considered region of the Samara region, on the land plots allocated for the reconstruction of roads, historical and cultural monuments are absent. Archaeological tracing in the areas of road construction was not carried out .

Land use and soil conditions

The construction section of the designed road is part of the forest-steppe zone. For 2 km, the road passes through arable land and pasture.

For agroecosystems, soil erosion is one of the main de-stabilizing forces leading to the impossibility of preserving the most important property of the soil - fertility. During the year, a layer is washed off by flat erosion from arable land, about 0.60.7 mm thick from weakly eroded, 1.0 mm from medium eroded, and 2.0 mm layer is washed off from strongly eroded areas of arable land (Archikov E.I., Maximov S.S. Problems of ecological geomorphology .//Environmental bulletin. Out. 48., Part 1. - Cheboksary, 2005.)

Vegetation is represented by crops. The soil-growing layer is composed of humiliated loam with roots of herbaceous plants up to 0.5 m. The main soils here are represented by podzolic, boron sands, sandy and sandy sandy strongly podzolic, loose sandy soils - of nano-alluvial origin, in floodplains with the first overpoyed terraces of rivers and introsonal bales - otluvia.

The economy of the district has a developed national economy. The main industrial enterprises of the district are located in Syzran.

Characteristics of the plant and animal world

The designed areas are located within the Central right-bank physical and geographical region.

According to the Federal Law "On Environmental Expertise," when designing, building and operating industrial facilities, it is necessary to minimize the impact on natural components, including vegetation and animals, their gene pool, to be protected from degradation, damage and destruction (Art. 4. Federal Environmental Protection Act). The main legal acts regulating the effects on vegetation and the animal world are the Forest Code of the Russian Federation of January 29, 1997 No. 22FZ, the Water Code of the Russian Federation, the Federal Law "On the Belly World" of April 24, 1995 No. 52FZ. These regulations restrict/prohibit any action that threatens rare and endangered plant and animal species.

The preservation of natural ecosystems by establishing the regime of specially protected areas is regulated by Federal Law "On Specially Protected Natural Areas" of March 14, 1995 No. 33FZ.

When implementing the proposed economic activity, it is not planned to affect natural landscapes, the area of ​ ​ influence of the designed production does not include specially protected natural areas. Populations of rare and endangered species will not be affected by the designed object.

In the conditions of normal water supply, the grass cover has more than 30 species (high wrestler, common dream, European hoof, medicinal jellyfish, spring rank, perennials, multi-colored bought, forest cleaner, boron and others). In damp places, common ostrich is abundant, the moonlit is coming to life, sometimes rare and endangered species: Brown's multitude (Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fee), Siberian diplasia, double-leaved lac, spotted palmate, nest, Marshall crested (Corydalis marschalliana (Pall. ex Willd)), from the kingdom of the higher plants Emvruovionta of the Magnoliophita Magnoliphyta department of the class Bipartite Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledones) of the order Burachnicocolor Boraginales of the Boraginaceae family Boraginaceae - Medulnica wollnica armifa ex Hornem.), from shrubs - common wolf, forest apple (Malus sylvestris Mill.).

Hayfields are represented by dry, flood meadows.

On all lakes adjacent to the object, waterlogging processes are noted. Riverine horn, broad-leaved cattail, common reed, lake telipteris, umbrella susak, many types of sedge and others take part in the overgrowing of lakes. There are also rare species: floating hornbill (chilim), meat-colored palm rooster, snow-white jug, yellow and small goblet, swamp white rooster, etc. The shores of lakes and swamps are often bordered by willows up to 2-5 m high.

The presence at the turn of different zoographic areas led to the diversity of the fauna. The most diverse fauna of invertebrate animals. Many of them are pests of agriculture (potato nematode, Colorado beetle, winter scoop, etc.) and forestry (beetles, barbel, oak leaflet, unpaired silkworm). A number of representatives of invertebrates (beetles, gold-eyed, riders) are used in pest control. Rare species requiring protection include apollo, beetle, fragrant hermit, and many types of bumblebees. The composition of the invertebrate fauna is represented by taiga, non-moral, forest-steppe and steppe elements. In recent years, there has been a penetration of a significant number of southern steppe species into the republic, occurring along agrolandscapes and river channels.

The fauna of vertebrate animals of the Samara region is characteristic of the forest-steppe and steppe. Speckled feather, large carcass, steppe moth, bitch, blind and gray hamster - typical steppe forms. Some animals belong to the fauna of the forest-steppe (northern species), the core of which is made up of species such as red polevka, mulberry, from birds - gogol, hawkish owl, shaggy-legged owl, three-fingered and black woodpeckers, cheek, snegier, whistle-blower. This group also includes the hare, the Burunduk, the Belkaletyaga, the Gornostai. Northern birds are duck pig, sokolderbnik, kanyuk, white partridge, capercaillie, grouse. There are a relatively small number of southern species. Of insectivorous mammals - snorting; of handwheels - a giant evening party; from rodents - carcass, speckled bead, gray hamster; of hare-like - hare; of predatory - steppe choir; from birds - drink small; snake, osoyed, korshun, meadow moon. The western forms of the fauna of the region include: from birds - forest dove vykhir, green woodpecker, curl, black drizzle, raspberry, sinizalazorevka, oriole, gray crow, hornbeam; from reptiles - spindle, or copper; from amphibians - a pond frog and a vent.

The fauna of fish in rivers is characterized by an abundance of carp - bream, roach, ulcer, sazana. Northern species are represented by burbot and harius, southern species are represented by a sazan, basement, paprika, catfish, priest. Due to the construction of canals connecting the Volga with northern rivers and lakes, northern fish began to penetrate into the reservoirs of the region - sneets, belozersky grouse, peled, rotan, eel; southern - tulka, needle, colt.

In the most favorable period, vetvistous crustaceans, hydras, oligochetes and chironomides (with a total biomass of no more than 0,065 g/m3) live to the adjacent highway, and the main representatives of phytoplankton: diatoms, blue-green, green, euhelene, pyrophyte and yellow-green algae (with a total biomass not exceeding 0,561. No ichthyofauna representatives were found.

The highway area is characterized by a fairly diverse ornithofauna: valuable hunting and fishing species can occur here, but recently there has been an increase in the number of sinatropic species. The appearance of large (wild) mammals is possible.

Vegetation along the stretch of the highway is represented by aspen-bearing, meadow and very rarely pine-acid grass, and agroland scaffolds of mint sedge-shingles and anthropogenic modifications. There are wetlands with appropriate vegetation.

Anthropogenic exposure has led to the fact that the number of most vertebrate species has been declining in recent years (except for synanthropic rodents). Rare species include snout, surokbaibak, snake, scopa, golden eagle.

Biodiversity assessment was not carried out directly on the section of the projected road. Given the significant transformation of natural landscapes and the population of the territory, the presence of representatives of the fauna characteristic of the forest-steppe and steppe zones of the region can be assumed.

Plant and animal species on the territory of the projected highway, listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and the region, have not been identified.

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